The city of Istanbul in Turkey is sometimes also known as "Constantinople." The city is the largest city in Turkey according to the area and population. Istanbul has approximately 12.6 million residents within its limits. The city is considered as the main platform and center of Turkey for culture, architecture, history and financial strategies. Istanbul totally includes 39 districts. Istanbul is the city that is located on two different continents. The covered area of Istanbul is approximately 707 square miles, which makes the city the fifth largest in the world according to the population density of the liver per square mile. The location of the city of Istanbul is the northwest side of the Marmara region in Turkey.
Turkey has very mild summers with a high percentage of humidity, but winters are very cold, windy and snow is very frequent in the city during the winter season. Istanbul is slightly hot and humid in the months of May to September. The city has a humidity percentage of around 79%. Winters start from October and remain until April. The city receives mainly rain and snow during the months of December, January, February and March. The maximum temperature during summers can be up to 25 degrees, while in summers, mainly at night, it can also fall below freezing.
Economically, Istanbul is a very strong city, as it has a very high impact on the Turkish economy in general. Istanbul is the city that is very rich in the production of cotton, tobacco, silk and many other products. Istanbul has also gained economic importance because it houses all the seaports of Turkey and also international airports. Istanbul has some of Turkey's main industries, which include the rubber industry, metal goods, chemicals, leather, transport vehicles, glass and many others. The city also generates its revenue from the tourism department.
Istanbul also plays an important role in the field of education, since the city has a number of public and private institutions that have a great reputation in the world. The city has almost 20 universities, which allows students to specialize in many different fields. Public sector institutions are more preferred in the city because of their good results and reputation. The "University of Istanbul" was established in 1453 and is considered the oldest university in Turkey. Since then, it has provided quality education to students not only from Turkey, but also to students from different areas of the world. Together with the University of Istanbul, the "Technical University of Istanbul" is also of great importance, as it is the third oldest university in the world in the field of technology established in 1773.
In the field of sports, Istanbul and Turkey have begun to dominate in sports such as football, basketball and volleyball. Ataturk Stadium is the largest stadium in Turkey. The stadium has the honor of hosting the 2005 UEFA Champions League final between Liverpool FC of England and Ac Milan of Italy. Istanbul is also very famous for hosting many types of motor sports races. Of which the "Turkish Grand Prix of Formula One" is the most important.